The Old Town of Edinburgh, Scotland, is known as the Royal Mile or High Street. Small alleyways and courtyards connect the surrounding streets. Allies were named after a memorable occupant of one of the apartments reached by the common entrance, or a trade of one the residents. In the old days the private alleys were gated and called a Close, derived from ˈkloʊs/, a Scots term for alleyway. Closes tend to be narrow with tall buildings on both sides and protecting the occupants from attack.
Public thoroughfare were called Wynds and were wide enough for a horse and cart.
Most of these alleyways sloped down from the Royal Mile to carry waist waters way fro the . Many have steps and long flights of stairs.